The President of the Republic of Kenya, together with the Deputy-President, the Prime Cabinet Secretary and the Cabinet Secretaries comprise the executive. The President is the Head of State and Government; he exercises the executive authority of the Republic with the assistance of the Deputy President, Prime Cabinet Secretary and Cabinet Secretaries. He is the Commander-in-Chief of the Kenya Defence Forces and a symbol of national unity. The Deputy President is the principal assistant of the President, and shall deputise the President in the execution of the President’s functions. The Prime Cabinet Secretary assists the President and the Deputy President in the coordination and supervision of Government Ministries and State Departments. The President shall nominate and, with the approval of the National Assembly, appoint Cabinet Secretaries. A Cabinet Secretary shall not be a Member of Parliament. The President is elected directly for a 5-year term. In order to win, a candidate must garner 50% plus 1 vote and 25% in half of 47 counties.
The Parliament of Kenya is a bicameral house consisting of the National Assembly and the Senate.
The National Assembly has in total of 349 members plus the Speaker who is ex-officio. Article 95 of the Constitution establishes that the National Assembly shall consist of the following:- two hundred and ninety (290)members, each elected by the registered voters of single-member constituencies; forty-seven (47) women, each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency; twelve (12) members nominated by parliamentary political parties according to their proportion of members of the National Assembly in accordance with Article 90, to represent special interests including the youth, persons with disabilities and workers; and the Speaker, who is an ex officio member. The members of the National Assembly are referred to as Members of Parliament (MP)while the Members of the Senate are referred to as Senators. Both the MPs and Senators serve a 5-year term.
The Senate consists of 67 members plus the Speaker, who is an ex-officio member. Article 98 of the Constitution establishes that the Senate shall consist of the following:- Forty-seven (47) members each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency; Sixteen(16) women members who shall be nominated by political parties according to their proportion of members of the Senate elected under clause (a) in accordance with Article 90; Two members (2), being one man and one woman, representing the youth; Two (2) members, being one man and one woman, representing persons with disabilities; and The Speaker, who shall be an ex-officio member.
The Judiciary consists of the judges of the superior courts, magistrates, other judicial officers and staff. The Judiciary consists of the following:- The Chief Justice, who is the Head of the Judiciary; the Deputy Chief Justice and the Chief Registrar of the Judiciary who is the chief administrator and accounting officer of the Judiciary. The superior courts are the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the High Court while the Magistrates court, Kadhis’ court, Court Martial and other courts or local tribunals form the Subordinate courts.